Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases that can spread from one person to another by sexual contact. STDs can cause pain, and some can cause infertility and even death if not treated. Some common curable STDs are gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydial infection, syphilis and HIV/AIDS.
According to public health department statistics, each year there are more than 333 million new cases of curable STDs, one million new cases of HIV infection, and millions of other viral STDs such as herpes and hepatitis B.
STD Prevention Tips:
People can avoid STDs by changing their sexual behavior. They can follow any of the ABCs:
a. Abstain from sex –This is the only guaranteed protection.
b. Be mutually faithful –Always have sex with the same person. This person must not have sex with any other person and must not have a STD.
Important : You cannot usually tell whether a person has a STD just by looking at him or her. People with STDs, including HIV, usually do not look sick.
c. Consistently use condoms –Use them every time and use them correctly. To prevent STDs, people at risk should use condoms even when they use another family planning method. If a woman’s sex partner is not willing to use condoms, she should try to use spermicide. It is important to note that spermicides do not stop HIV/AIDS. The diaphragm and cervical cap may also help prevent some STDs.